Purpose: This phase 2 study was designed to assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of immediaterelease orally administered ralinepag, a selective, non-prostanoid prostacyclin receptor agonist with a 24-h terminal half-life, compared to placebo in adult patients with symptomatic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Methods: 61 PAH patients who were receiving standard care, including mono or dual PAH-targeted background therapy were randomised 2:1 to ralinepag (n=40) or placebo (n=21). The starting dose of ralinepag was 10 μg twice daily. Dosage was then up-titrated as tolerated over the course of the 9-week dose-titration period, to a maximum total daily dose of 600 μg (300 μg twice daily). The primary efficacy end-point was the absolute change in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) from baseline to week 22. Additional end-points included percentage change in PVR from baseline, other haemodynamic parameters, 6-min walk distance (6MWD) and safety and tolerability. Results: Ralinepag significantly decreased PVR by 163.9 dynscm-5 compared to an increase of 0.7 dynscm-5 with placebo ( p=0.02); the least-squares mean change from baseline PVR was -29.8% compared with placebo ( p=0.03). 6MWD increased from baseline by 36.2 m with ralinepag and 29.4 m with placebo ( p=0.90). Serious adverse events occurred in 10% of ralinepag patients and 29% of placebo patients. Study discontinuations occurred in 13% of ralinepag patients and 10% of placebo patients. Summary: Ralinepag reduced PVR compared with placebo in PAH patients on mono (41%) or dual combination (59%) background therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine