Background: Early studies of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) demonstrated benefit during percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Since their introduction, the magnitude of benefit of GPIs has become unclear. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that adding a GPI to unfractionated heparin in ACS patients treated with stents and thienopyridines is beneficial. Methods: We searched the MEDLINE, Cochrane, and clinicaltrials.gov databases for randomized clinical trials that studied the use of GPIs during ACS. We required that patients be randomly assigned to unfractionated heparin plus a GPI versus unfractionated heparin plus placebo (or control). Additional inclusion criteria included the use of coronary stents and periprocedural thienopyridines. Outcomes were assessed at 30 days. Random effects DerSimonian-Laird summary risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were constructed. Results: Sixteen studies with 7611 patients were included. Myocardial infarction was 3.1% with GPI versus 4.4% with control (RR = 0.74; 95% CI, 0.59-0.94, P = 0.014); revascularization, 1.7% versus 2.7% (RR = 0.64; 95% CI, 0.46-0.89, P = 0.008); major bleeding, 2.5% versus 2.1% (RR = 1.21; 95% CI, 0.89-1.63, P = 0.22); minor bleeding, 5.5% versus 4.1% (RR = 1.37; 95% CI, 1.06-1.78, P = 0.016); and mortality, 2.2% versus 2.9% (RR = 0.79; 95% CI, 0.59-1.06, P = 0.12), respectively. Conclusions: Among ACS patients treated with stents and thienopyridines, GPIs were associated with reduced myocardial infarction and revascularization. Minor, but not major bleeding was increased with GPIs. Mortality was similar between the groups.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine