Efficient use of pure component and interferent spectra in multivariate calibration

Sandeep Sharma, Mohammad Goodarzi, Laure Wynants, Herman Ramon, Wouter Saeys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Partial Least Squares (PLS) is by far the most popular regression method for building multivariate calibration models for spectroscopic data. However, the success of the conventional PLS approach depends on the availability of a 'representative data set' as the model needs to be trained for all expected variation at the prediction stage. When the concentration of the known interferents and their correlation with the analyte of interest change in a fashion which is not covered in the calibration set, the predictive performance of inverse calibration approaches such as conventional PLS can deteriorate. This underscores the need for calibration methods that are capable of building multivariate calibration models which can be robustified against the unexpected variation in the concentrations and the correlations of the known interferents in the test set. Several methods incorporating 'a priori' information such as pure component spectra of the analyte of interest and/or the known interferents have been proposed to build more robust calibration models. In the present study, four such calibration techniques have been benchmarked on two data sets with respect to their predictive ability and robustness: Net Analyte Preprocessing (NAP), Improved Direct Calibration (IDC), Science Based Calibration (SBC) and Augmented Classical Least Squares (ACLS) Calibration. For both data sets, the alternative calibration techniques were found to give good prediction performance even when the interferent structure in the test set was different from the one in the calibration set. The best results were obtained by the ACLS model incorporating both the pure component spectra of the analyte of interest and the interferents, resulting in a reduction of the RMSEP by a factor 3 compared to conventional PLS for the situation when the test set had a different interferent structure than the one in the calibration set.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-23
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
StatePublished - May 17 2013


  • Augmented Classical Least Squares
  • Glucose
  • Improved Direct Calibration
  • Net Analyte Preprocessing
  • Robust calibration
  • Science Based Calibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy


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