Electrocochleographic evaluation of the guinea pig model of endolymphatic hydrops

Mohamed Badr-El-Dine, George M. Gerken, Karen S. Robinson, Charles G. Wright, William L. Meyerhoff

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electrocochleography (ECochG) was used to evaluate cochlear function in guinea pigs with experimentally induced endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) before and after osmotic dehydration with either glycerol or urea. We surgically induced ELH in the right ears of 9-guinea pigs, while the right ears of 6 guinea pigs received a sham operation. The left ears of the 15 animals constituted the normal group. Eight weeks after surgery, summating potential (SP) and action potential (AP) amplitudes were measured prior to and following the administration of glycerol or urea. The SPs and SP/AP ratios were reduced in all groups, with no significant differences among groups or between dehydrating agents. Some of the hydropic ears, however, did show an increased AP threshold and a recruitment effect. In measurements from 6 additional animals, serum osmolarity increased more with urea than with glycerol. The guinea pig model remains valuable for investigation of ELH, even though it differs in significant respects from ELH in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)934-942
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume106
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • Action potential
  • Dehydration
  • Endolymphatic hydrops
  • Guinea pig
  • Meniere's disease
  • Summating potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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    Badr-El-Dine, M., Gerken, G. M., Robinson, K. S., Wright, C. G., & Meyerhoff, W. L. (1997). Electrocochleographic evaluation of the guinea pig model of endolymphatic hydrops. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, 106(11), 934-942. https://doi.org/10.1177/000348949710601109