Electroconvulsive therapy availability in the United States

Michelle Magid, Barbara M. Rohland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was first administered in Rome by Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini in 1938 (Cerletti, 1950). Dr. Renato Almansi, an associate of Dr. Cerletti in Rome, brought a treatment apparatus from Italy to the United States, where it was used by Dr. David Impastato, an American psychiatrist, at Columbus Hospital in New York City in 1940 to perform ECT treatment (Impastato, 1960). Lebensohn (1999) describes the historical context of the introduction of ECT to American psychiatry. The ambivalence that the public and the psychiatric community have toward ECT has many explanations (see Chapters 9–12), and these presumably contribute to the regional variation in ECT use. During the past 60 years, ECT trends in the United States have fluctuated. Thompson et al. (1994) analyzed nationally representative data from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to evaluate trends in the use of ECT in psychiatric hospitals in the United States in 1975, 1980, and 1985. In 1975, the NIMH reported that 58,667 patients received ECT treatments. Despite a growing population, this number decreased to 31,514 in 1980, and remained unchanged (when accounting for population growth) in 1986 at 36,558 patients. ECT was used primarily in private hospitals, rather than public general, state, or county mental hospitals. In 1986, more than 90% of patients who received ECT were White, and 84% carried the diagnosis of a mood disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationElectroconvulsive and Neuromodulation Therapies
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages227-235
Number of pages9
Volume9780521883887
ISBN (Print)9780511576393, 9780521883887
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

Electroconvulsive Therapy
National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.)
Psychiatry
Psychiatric Hospitals
County Hospitals
Private Hospitals
Population Growth
Mood Disorders
Italy
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Magid, M., & Rohland, B. M. (2009). Electroconvulsive therapy availability in the United States. In Electroconvulsive and Neuromodulation Therapies (Vol. 9780521883887, pp. 227-235). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511576393.014

Electroconvulsive therapy availability in the United States. / Magid, Michelle; Rohland, Barbara M.

Electroconvulsive and Neuromodulation Therapies. Vol. 9780521883887 Cambridge University Press, 2009. p. 227-235.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Magid, M & Rohland, BM 2009, Electroconvulsive therapy availability in the United States. in Electroconvulsive and Neuromodulation Therapies. vol. 9780521883887, Cambridge University Press, pp. 227-235. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511576393.014
Magid M, Rohland BM. Electroconvulsive therapy availability in the United States. In Electroconvulsive and Neuromodulation Therapies. Vol. 9780521883887. Cambridge University Press. 2009. p. 227-235 https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511576393.014
Magid, Michelle ; Rohland, Barbara M. / Electroconvulsive therapy availability in the United States. Electroconvulsive and Neuromodulation Therapies. Vol. 9780521883887 Cambridge University Press, 2009. pp. 227-235
@inbook{b8dcb261408b485bb301634c205573b6,
title = "Electroconvulsive therapy availability in the United States",
abstract = "Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was first administered in Rome by Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini in 1938 (Cerletti, 1950). Dr. Renato Almansi, an associate of Dr. Cerletti in Rome, brought a treatment apparatus from Italy to the United States, where it was used by Dr. David Impastato, an American psychiatrist, at Columbus Hospital in New York City in 1940 to perform ECT treatment (Impastato, 1960). Lebensohn (1999) describes the historical context of the introduction of ECT to American psychiatry. The ambivalence that the public and the psychiatric community have toward ECT has many explanations (see Chapters 9–12), and these presumably contribute to the regional variation in ECT use. During the past 60 years, ECT trends in the United States have fluctuated. Thompson et al. (1994) analyzed nationally representative data from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to evaluate trends in the use of ECT in psychiatric hospitals in the United States in 1975, 1980, and 1985. In 1975, the NIMH reported that 58,667 patients received ECT treatments. Despite a growing population, this number decreased to 31,514 in 1980, and remained unchanged (when accounting for population growth) in 1986 at 36,558 patients. ECT was used primarily in private hospitals, rather than public general, state, or county mental hospitals. In 1986, more than 90{\%} of patients who received ECT were White, and 84{\%} carried the diagnosis of a mood disorder.",
author = "Michelle Magid and Rohland, {Barbara M.}",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/CBO9780511576393.014",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780511576393",
volume = "9780521883887",
pages = "227--235",
booktitle = "Electroconvulsive and Neuromodulation Therapies",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Electroconvulsive therapy availability in the United States

AU - Magid, Michelle

AU - Rohland, Barbara M.

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was first administered in Rome by Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini in 1938 (Cerletti, 1950). Dr. Renato Almansi, an associate of Dr. Cerletti in Rome, brought a treatment apparatus from Italy to the United States, where it was used by Dr. David Impastato, an American psychiatrist, at Columbus Hospital in New York City in 1940 to perform ECT treatment (Impastato, 1960). Lebensohn (1999) describes the historical context of the introduction of ECT to American psychiatry. The ambivalence that the public and the psychiatric community have toward ECT has many explanations (see Chapters 9–12), and these presumably contribute to the regional variation in ECT use. During the past 60 years, ECT trends in the United States have fluctuated. Thompson et al. (1994) analyzed nationally representative data from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to evaluate trends in the use of ECT in psychiatric hospitals in the United States in 1975, 1980, and 1985. In 1975, the NIMH reported that 58,667 patients received ECT treatments. Despite a growing population, this number decreased to 31,514 in 1980, and remained unchanged (when accounting for population growth) in 1986 at 36,558 patients. ECT was used primarily in private hospitals, rather than public general, state, or county mental hospitals. In 1986, more than 90% of patients who received ECT were White, and 84% carried the diagnosis of a mood disorder.

AB - Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was first administered in Rome by Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini in 1938 (Cerletti, 1950). Dr. Renato Almansi, an associate of Dr. Cerletti in Rome, brought a treatment apparatus from Italy to the United States, where it was used by Dr. David Impastato, an American psychiatrist, at Columbus Hospital in New York City in 1940 to perform ECT treatment (Impastato, 1960). Lebensohn (1999) describes the historical context of the introduction of ECT to American psychiatry. The ambivalence that the public and the psychiatric community have toward ECT has many explanations (see Chapters 9–12), and these presumably contribute to the regional variation in ECT use. During the past 60 years, ECT trends in the United States have fluctuated. Thompson et al. (1994) analyzed nationally representative data from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to evaluate trends in the use of ECT in psychiatric hospitals in the United States in 1975, 1980, and 1985. In 1975, the NIMH reported that 58,667 patients received ECT treatments. Despite a growing population, this number decreased to 31,514 in 1980, and remained unchanged (when accounting for population growth) in 1986 at 36,558 patients. ECT was used primarily in private hospitals, rather than public general, state, or county mental hospitals. In 1986, more than 90% of patients who received ECT were White, and 84% carried the diagnosis of a mood disorder.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84893469248&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84893469248&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/CBO9780511576393.014

DO - 10.1017/CBO9780511576393.014

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84893469248

SN - 9780511576393

SN - 9780521883887

VL - 9780521883887

SP - 227

EP - 235

BT - Electroconvulsive and Neuromodulation Therapies

PB - Cambridge University Press

ER -