Electronic medication complete communication strategy for opioid prescriptions in the emergency department: Rationale and design for a three-arm provider randomized trial

Danielle M. McCarthy, D. Mark Courtney, Patrick M. Lank, Kenzie A. Cameron, Andrea M. Russell, Laura M. Curtis, Kwang Youn A. Kim, Surrey M. Walton, Enid Montague, Abbie L. Lyden, Stephanie J. Gravenor, Michael S. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Thousands of people die annually from prescription opioid overdoses; however there are few strategies to ensure patients receive medication risk information at the time of prescribing. Objectives To compare the effectiveness of the Emergency Department (ED) Electronic Medication Complete Communication (EMC2) Opioid Strategy (with and without text messaging) to promote safe medication use and improved patient knowledge as compared to usual care. Methods The ED EMC2 Opioid Strategy consists of 5 automated components to promote safe medication use: 1) physician reminder to counsel, 2) inbox message sent on to the patient's primary care physician, 3) pharmacist message on the prescription to counsel, 4) MedSheet supporting prescription information, and 5) patient-centered Take-Wait-Stop wording of prescription instructions. This strategy will be assessed both with and without the addition of text messages via a three-arm randomized trial. The study will take place at an urban academic ED (annual volume > 85,000) in Chicago, IL. Patients being discharged with a new prescription for hydrocodone-acetaminophen will be enrolled and randomized (based on their prescribing physician). The primary outcome of the study is medication safe use as measured by a demonstrated dosing task. Additionally actual safe use, patient knowledge and provider counseling will be measured. Implementation fidelity as well as costs will be reported. Conclusions The ED EMC2 Opioid Strategy embeds a risk communication strategy into the electronic health record and promotes medication counseling with minimal workflow disruption. This trial will evaluate the strategy's effectiveness and implementation fidelity as compared to usual care. Trial registration This trial is registered on clinicaltrials.gov with identifier NCT02431793.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-29
Number of pages8
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume59
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Emergency department
  • Opioid
  • Risk communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    McCarthy, D. M., Courtney, D. M., Lank, P. M., Cameron, K. A., Russell, A. M., Curtis, L. M., Kim, K. Y. A., Walton, S. M., Montague, E., Lyden, A. L., Gravenor, S. J., & Wolf, M. S. (2017). Electronic medication complete communication strategy for opioid prescriptions in the emergency department: Rationale and design for a three-arm provider randomized trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 59, 22-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2017.05.003