Electrophysiological identification of a pathway from the septal area to the medial amygdala: Sensitivity to estrogen and luteinzing hormone‐releasing hormone

C. A. Dudley, Y. Lee, R. L. Moss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Medial amygdala neurons responsive to electrical stimulationof the medial septal area were electrophysiologically identified in ovariectomized, urethane‐anesthetized female rats. Peristimulus time histograms were collected and used to define the orthodromic response. The action of iontophoretically applied luteinzing hormone‐releasing hormone (LHRH) and an LHRH fragment, Ac‐LHRH5–10, on the activity of were identified as orthodromically responsive. Three types of orthodromic responses were observed: excitatory, inhibitory, and complex. Priming the animals with 5 μg estradiol benzoate (EB) 48 hr prior to recording had no effect on the overall number of neurons responding to septal area stimulation, but EB priming did significantly reduce the percentage of orthodromically excited neurons. The firing rate of the majority of amygdala neurons responsive to septal area stimularion was not affected by iontophoretically applied LHRH (59 of 76) or LHRH fragment (41 of 65). In some cases, application of LHRH (10 of 76) or Ac‐LHRH5‐10 (12 of 55) produced a change in neuronal firing that was similar in direction to the orthodromically evoked response. When applied during the collection of peristimulus time histograms, both peptides were also able to modulate the orthodromically evoked response (five of 18 cells tested with LHRH and three of 14 cells tesed with Ac‐LHRH5‐10). The results demonstrate a large projection from the septal area to the amygdala, one component of which is altered by estrogen priming. The findings suggest that LHRH released from septal neurons may act as a neurotransmitter and a neuromodulator in the medial amygdala; however, the large number of neurons unaffected by the decapeptide indicates that the role of LHRH at this synapse is subservient to that of another tranmitter (s).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-168
Number of pages8
JournalSynapse
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Electrical stimulation
  • LHRH fragment
  • LHRH receptors
  • Neuromodulator
  • Neurotransmitter
  • Orthodromic response
  • Synapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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