The rate of elimination and the fate of endothelin-1 (ET-1) from the circulating blood was studied in urethane-anesthetized rats by intravenous injection of [125I]-labeled ET-1. The vasoconstrictor activities of the iodinated ET-1 were confirmed to be similar to those of native ET-1. Following i.v. bolus injection of 30 pmol/kg of [125I]-ET-1 into the femoral vein, the total radioactivity of the right atrial blood decayed rapidly, with a half-life of 7 min. At 5 min after the injection, the administered radioactivity distributed chiefly to the parenchyma of the lungs, kidneys, and liver. The analysis of the chemical form of labeled peptides from the plasma by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) demonstrated no appreciable amount of degraded forms of [125I]-ET-1 in the blood for up to 60 min. [125I]-ET-1 was also stable for up to 60 min upon incubation in vitro with heparinized rat blood at 37°C. Even when the same amount of labeled ET-1 was injected together with a pressor dose (1,500 pmol/kg) of cold ET-1, the half-life of the radioactivity in the bloodstream was exactly identical to that for [125I]-ET-1 alone. Nevertheless, the pressor response continued for more than 90 min after i.v. bolus injection of 1500 pmol/kg of ET-1 to the rat. These results clearly indicate that the elimination of ET-1 from circulating blood and the ET-1-induced pressor response are not in parallel, and the relatively rapid disappearance of ET-1 from the bloodstream is mostly due to the removal of the peptide by the parenchymal tissues, in the anesthetized rat. The long-lasting pressor action of ET-1 may be ascribed to our previous finding that the dissociation of ET-1 from its specific binding sites on vascular smooth muscle cells is extremely slow.
- Plasma clearance
- Pressor response
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine