Embedded Performance Validity Tests in the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised: A Replication Study

K. Chase Bailey, Jason R. Soble, Kathleen M. Bain, Chrystal Fullen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


Objective: Embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) within the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R) and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) were recently identified. This study aimed to further validate/replicate these embedded PVTs.

Method: Eighty clinically referred veterans who underwent neuropsychological evaluation were included. Validity groups were established by passing/failing 2-3 well-validated PVTs, with 75% (n = 60) classified as valid and 25% (n = 20) noncredible. Fifty-two percent of valid participants were cognitively impaired.

Results: HVLT-R Recognition Discrimination (RD) of ≤5 yielded 67% sensitivity/80% specificity for identifying noncredible performance. Removal of seven valid participants with an amnestic profile who produced a false positive, improved specificity to 92%, which replicated the original findings. Replication efforts failed for BVMT-R Percent Retained; however, significant findings for RD were elucidated.

Conclusion: Replication efforts were positive for the HVLT-R embedded PVT, corroborating its ability to identify invalid performance in this heterogeneous clinical veteran sample with and without cognitive impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)895-900
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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