Embolization therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia: Influence of embolization particle size on gland perfusion

Olga Rachel Brook, Salomao Faintuch, Alexander Brook, S. Nahum Goldberg, Neil M. Rofsky, Robert E. Lenkinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations


Purpose To assess the influence of embolic size on the therapy response of prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) based on perfusional changes seen on dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Materials and Methods Twelve beagles underwent PAE, four dogs with each particle size: A: 100-300 μm; B: 300-500 μm; and C: 500-700 μm. Prior to and 1 month after the embolization all dogs underwent prostate DCE MRI. Results After embolization, time to maximal perfusion intensity for prostate parenchyma increased in B (188 vs. 135 sec, P = 0.023) and C (200 vs. 120 sec, P = 0.001), while it did not change for A (139 vs. 124 sec, P = 0.39). The maximal relative intensity increased after embolization in C (3.84 vs. 2.38, P < 0.001), while it did not change for A (2.50 vs. 2.44, P = 0.36) and B (3.23 vs. 2.9, P = 0.21). The extent of visualized intraprostatic urethral wall increased after embolization in B compared with A and C, 239.5 ± 138.1% vs. 56.1 ± 34.3, P = 0.04. Enhancement changes correlated with prostate volume changes: prostate volumes in A decreased less as compared with B and C (77 ± 34% vs. 56 ± 14%), P = 0.02. Conclusion The enhancement and morphological data are useful to monitor response to therapy after embolization. Embolization with 300-500 and 500-700 μm particle may provide better results than with 100-300 μm particles in a canine model. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-387
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013



  • benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • canine prostate
  • dynamic contrast enhanced MRI
  • prostatic artery embolization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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