Endocytosis of Hepatic Lipase and Lipoprotein Lipase into Rat Liver Hepatocytes in Vivo Is Mediated by the Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-related Protein

Marcel Vergés, Andre Bensadoun, Joachim Herz, John D. Belcher, Richard J. Havel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

In isolated cell studies, the internalization and degradation of hepatic lipase (HL) has been linked to its binding to the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP). We have utilized the receptor-associated protein (RAP), a universal inhibitor of high affinity ligand binding to LRP, to evaluate the participation of LRP in the endocytosis of HL and lipoprotein lipase (LPL). We isolated a total endosome fraction from rat livers after a 30-min infusion of recombinant RAP, administered as a glutathione S-transferase conjugate (GST-RAP). GST-RAP infusion had no effect on the concentration of HL in liver homogenates, but its concentration in blood plasma increased progressively by 20%, and enrichment over homogenate of HL in endosomes was reduced by 50% as compared with infusion of GST alone. The concentrations of LPL in liver and plasma were 1.4 and 0.5%, respectively, those of HL, but endosomal enrichment of the two enzymes was similar (∼10-fold). GST-RAP infusion had no effect on the concentration of LPL in liver but increased its concentration in blood plasma by 250% and reduced its endosomal enrichment by 95% or greater. GST-RAP infusion also reduced endosomal enrichment of LRP by 40%, but enrichment of several other endocytic receptors was unaffected. Endosomal enrichment of several membrane trafficking proteins associated with the endocytic pathway in hepatocytes was unaffected by GST-RAP with the exception of early endosome endosome antigen 1, which was reduced by 85% We conclude that HL is partially and LPL almost exclusively taken up into rat hepatocytes after binding to the endocytic receptor LRP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9030-9036
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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