Endocytosis of synaptotagmin 1 ls mediated by a novel, tryptophan-containing motif

Nadine Jarousse, Joshua D. Wilson, Demet Arac, Jose Rizo-Rey, Regis B. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rate at which a membrane protein is internalized from the plasma membrane can be regulated by revealing a latent internalization signal in response to an appropriate stimulus. Internalization of the synaptic vesicle membrane protein, synaptotagmin 1, is controlled by two distinct regions of its intracytoplasmic C2B domain, an internalization signal present in the 29 carboxyterminal (CT) amino acids and a separate regulatory region. We have now characterized the internalization motif by mutagenesis and found that it involves an essential tryptophan in the last beta strand of the C2B domain, a region that is distinct from the AP2-binding site previously described. Internalization through the tryptophan-based motif is sensitive to eps15 and dynamin mutants and is therefore likely to be clathrin mediated. A tryptophan-to-phenylalanine mutation had no effect on internalization of the CT domain alone, but completely inhibited endocytosis of the folded C2B domain. This result suggests that recognition of sorting motifs can be influenced by their structural context. We conclude that endocytosis of synaptotagmin 1 requires a novel type of internalization signal that is subject to regulation by the rest of the C2B domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-478
Number of pages11
JournalTraffic
Volume4
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

Keywords

  • Endocytosis
  • Internalization signal
  • Sorting motif
  • Synaptic vesicle
  • Synaptotagmin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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