Endogenous epoxyeicosatrienoyl-phospholipids: A novel class of cellular glycerolipids containing epoxidized arachidonate moieties

Armando Karara, Elizabeth Dishman, J R Falck, Jorge H. Capdevila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Scopus citations

Abstract

By chromatographic and mass spectral techniques we document in rat liver the presence of new classes of glycerophospholipids which contain an epoxyeicosatrienoate moiety, esterified to the glycerol-sn-2 position. These novel lipids are formed in vivo from endogenous precursors and under physiological conditions. Chromatographic resolution followed by hydrolysis and regioisomeric analysis showed that they consist of the 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoyl derivatives of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylinositol. Their relative concentrations (micromoles of oxidized lipid/mol of phospholipid) were 70, 85, and 106 for phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylinositol, respectively. Chiral analysis of the fatty acids at sn-2 revealed an enantioselective preference for 8(S),9(R)-, 11(S),12(R)-, and 14(R), 15(S)-epoxyeicosatrienoates in all three lipid classes. The data suggest a multienzyme process initiated by cytochrome P-450 epoxidation of arachidonic acid followed by ATP-dependent activation to epoxyeicosatrienoyl-CoA derivatives and stereoselective lysolipid acylation. These results provide a molecular basis for a potential physiological role of cytochrome P-450 in the biosynthesis of unique cellular glycerolipids and, consequently, in the control of cell membrane structure and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7561-7569
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jul 22 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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