Endoplasmic reticulum stress-responsive transcription factor ATF6α directs recruitment of the mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription and multiple histone acetyltransferase complexes

Dotan Sela, Lu Chen, Skylar Martin-Brown, Michael P. Washburn, Laurence Florens, Joan Weliky Conaway, Ronald C. Conaway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The basic leucine zipper transcription factor ATF6α functions as a master regulator of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response genes. Previous studies have established that, in response to ER stress, ATF6α translocates to the nucleus and activates transcription of ER stress response genes upon binding sequence specifically to ER stress response enhancer elements in their promoters. In this study, we investigate the biochemical mechanism by which ATF6α activates transcription. By exploiting a combination of biochemical and multidimensional protein identification technology-based mass spectrometry approaches, we have obtained evidence that ATF6α functions at least in part by recruiting to the ER stress response enhancer elements of ER stress response genes a collection of RNA polymerase II coregulatory complexes, including the Mediator and multiple histone acetyltransferase complexes, among which are the Spt-Ada-Gcn5 acetyltransferase (SAGA) and Ada-Two-A-containing (ATAC) complexes. Our findings shed new light on the mechanism of action of ATF6α, and they outline a straightforward strategy for applying multidimensional protein identification technology mass spectrometry to determine which RNA polymerase II transcription factors and coregulators are recruited to promoters and other regulatory elements to control transcription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23035-23045
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume287
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 29 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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