Endoscopic button gastrostomy: Comparing a sutured endoscopic approach to the current techniques

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose Button gastrostomy is the preferred feeding device in children and can be placed open or laparoscopically (LBG). Alternatively, a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) can be placed initially and exchanged for a button. Endoscopic-assisted button gastrostomy (EBG) combines both techniques, using only one incision and suturing the stomach to the abdominal wall. The long-term outcomes and potential costs for EBG were compared to other techniques. Methods Children undergoing EBG, LBG, and PEG (2010-2013) were compared. Patient demographics, procedure duration/complications, and clinic and emergency room (ER) visits for an eight-week follow-up period were compared. Results Patient demographics were similar (32 patients/group). Mean procedure time (min) for EBG was 38 ± 9, compared to 58 ± 20 for LBG and 31 ± 10 for PEG (p < 0.0001). The most common complications were granulation tissue and infection with a trend toward fewer infections in EBG group. Average number of ER visits was similar, but PEG group had fewer clinic visits. 97% of PEG patients had subsequent visits for exchange to button gastrostomy. Conclusions EBG is safe and comparable to LBG and PEG in terms of complications. It has a shorter procedure time than LBG and does not require laparoscopy, device exchange, or subsequent fluoroscopic confirmation, potentially reducing costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-75
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Button gastrostomy
  • Laparoscopic gastrostomy
  • Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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