Enhanced attenuation of meningeal inflammation and brain edema by concomitant administration of anti-CD18 monoclonal antibodies and dexamethasone in experimental Haemophilus meningitis

Xavier Sáez-Llorens, Hamid S. Jafari, Carlos Severien, Francisco Parras, Kurt D. Olsen, Eric J. Hansen, Irwin I. Singer, George H. McCracken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antiinflammatory therapy has been shown to reduce the adverse pathophysiological consequences that occur in bacterial meningitis and to improve outcome from disease. In the present study, modulation of two principal steps of the meningeal inflammatory cascade was accomplished by concomitant administration of dexamethasone to diminish overproduction of cytokines in response to a bacterial stimulus and of a monoclonal antibody directed against adhesion-promoting receptors on leukocytes to inhibit recruitment of white blood cells into the subarachnoid space. Dexamethasone and antibody therapy produced a marked attenuation of all indices of meningeal inflammation and reduction of brain water accumulation after H. influenzae - induced meningitis in rabbits compared with results of each agent given alone and of untreated animals. In addition, the enhanced host's meningeal inflammatory reaction that follows antibiotic-induced bacterial lysis was profoundly ameliorated when dual therapy was administered without affecting clearance rates of bacteria from cerebrospinal fluid and vascular compartments. The combination of both therapeutic approaches may offer a promising mode of treatment to improve further the outcome from bacterial meningitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2003-2011
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Keywords

  • Anti-CD18 antibodies
  • Dexamethasone
  • Experimental meningitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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