Enhanced secretion of tumour necrosis factor-alpha, IL-6, and IL-1β by isolated lamina propria mononuclear cells from patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease

H. C. Reinecker, M. Steffen, T. Witthoeft, I. Pflueger, S. Schreiber, R. P. MacDermott, A. Raedler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

721 Scopus citations

Abstract

The perpetuation of inflammation in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease may be regulated in part by an increased secretion of proinflammatory cytokines due to either an appropriate response to initial stimulating agents, and/or due to an impaired down-regulation of cytokine secretion. The aim of this study was to determine the secretion patterns of the proinflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), IL-6 and IL-1β, from isolated lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMNC) isolated from colonic biopsies from patients with untreated ulcerative colitis or Crohn'sdisease. LPMNC isolated from involved inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) mucosa spontaneously produced increased amounts of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β. The TNF-α secretion from IBD LPMNC could be further enhanced by pokeweed mitogen stimulation. The secretion patterns of TNF-α and IL-1β by LPMNC from patients with either ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease demonstrated a close correlation with the degree of tissue involvement and mucosal inflammation. LPMNC from non-involved ulcerative colitis mucosa secreted markedly increased levels of IL-6 compared with noninvolved Crohn's disease mucosa or control mucosa. The heightened IL-6 secretion from LPMNC from non-involved ulcerative colitis mucosa without visible or microscopic signs of inflammation indicates that the pathophysiologic mechanisms involved in the initiation of inflammation may differ between ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The determination of proinflammatory cytokine secretion by isolated LPMNC from colonoscopic biopsies may be a sensitive method for monitoring the severity of mucosal inflammation in IBD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-181
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • IL-1
  • IL-6
  • lamina propria mononuclear cells
  • tumour necrosis factor
  • ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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