Enhancement of MHC class I-stimulated alloresponses by TNF/TNF receptor (TNFR)1 interactions and of MHC class II-stimulated alloresponses by TNF/TNFR2 interactions

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

In vivo TNF inhibition has been observed to ameliorate the disease process attributed to T cell-dependent immune responses such as those generated during graft-vs.-host disease. The present studies were designed to evaluate whether TNF/TNF receptor (TNFR)1 and TNF/TNFR2 interactions were involved in the generation of allospecific T cell responses. Splenic lymphocyte populations were obtained from TNFR1- or TNFR2-deficient B6 mice and from control B6 mice. These responder cells were cultured with irradiated MHC class II-disparate B6.C-H-2(bm12) (bm12) or MHC class I-disparate B6.C-H-2(bm1) (bm1) or irradiated syngeneic stimulator cells for 3 days before assay of [3H]thymidine incorporation. IL-2 levels of the mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) supernatants were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. With MHC class II-disparate bm12 stimulator cells, a significant reduction in T cell proliferation was observed utilizing TNFR2-deficient CD4+ responder T cells, but not when using TNFR1-deficient CD4+ responder T cells. A significant decrease in proliferation of TNFR1-deficient CD8+ responder cells, but not of TNFR2-deficient CD8 responder T cells was observed after stimulation with MHC class I-disparate bm1 stimulator cells. IL-2 levels were lower in MLC utilizing MHC class I stimulators and TNFR1-deficient responders or MHC class II stimulators and TNFR2-deficient responders. These results indicare that TNF/TNFR2 interactions promote MHC class II-stimulated alloresponses, while TNF/TNFR1 interactions promote MHC class I-stimulated alloresponses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2900-2907
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume30
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Cytokine receptor
  • Immunomodulator
  • T lymphocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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