Decreased hepatocyte adhesion to polymeric constructs limits the function of tissue engineered hepatic assist devices. We grafted adhesion peptides (RGD and YIGSR) to polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) in order to mimic the in vivo extracellular matrix and thus enhance hepatocyte adhesion. Peptide grafting was done by a novel technique in which polyethylene glycol (PEG)-adhesion peptide was linked to allyl-amine coated on the surface of PCL and PLLA by pulsed plasma deposition (PPD). Peptide grafting density, quantified by radio-iodinated tyrosine in YIGSR, was 158 fmol/cm2 on PLLA and 425 fmol/cm2 on PCL surfaces. The adhesion of hepatocytes was determined by plating 250,000 hepatocytes/well (test substrates were coated on 12 well plates) and quantifying the percentage of adhered cells after 6 h by MTT assay. Adhesion on PCL surfaces was significantly enhanced (p < 0.05) by both YIGSR (percentage of adhered cells = 53 ± 7%) and RGD (53 ± 12%) when compared to control surfaces (31 ± 8%). Hepatocyte adhesion on PLLA was significantly (p < 0.05) enhanced on PLLA- PEG-RGD surfaces (76 ± 14%) compared to control surfaces (42 ± 19%) and more (68 ± 25%) but not statistically significant (p = 0.15) on PLLA-PEG- YIGSR surfaces compared to control surfaces. These results indicate that hepatocyte adhesion to PCL and PLLA based polymeric surfaces can be enhanced by a novel adhesion peptide grafting technique using pulsed plasma deposition and PEG cross-linking.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology