Enhancing professionalism through self-reflection

Samuel Knapp, Michael C. Gottlieb, Mitchell M. Handelsman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


In this article we review the actions that psychologists can take to improve their ability to self-reflect. These activities include building professional networks, engaging in personal psychotherapy, taking part in continuing education, soliciting feedback from patients and colleagues, participating in Balint groups, engaging in expressive writing, and learning mindfulness skills. These activities may be most effective if they involve interactions with other people, expand the amount of information that psychologists receive, and are conducted in a spirit of openness to new experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-174
Number of pages8
JournalProfessional Psychology: Research and Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017


  • Ethics
  • Professionalism
  • Self-awareness
  • Self-control
  • Self-reflection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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