Enteric Glia Play a Critical Role in Promoting the Development of Colorectal Cancer

Robert Yuan, Nupur Bhattacharya, Justin A. Kenkel, Jeanne Shen, Michael A. DiMaio, Sreya Bagchi, Tyler R. Prestwood, Aida Habtezion, Edgar G. Engleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Enteric glia are a distinct population of peripheral glial cells in the enteric nervous system that regulate intestinal homeostasis, epithelial barrier integrity, and gut defense. Given these unique attributes, we investigated the impact of enteric glia depletion on tumor development in azoxymethane/dextran sodium sulfate (AOM/DSS)-treated mice, a classical model of colorectal cancer (CRC). Depleting GFAP+ enteric glia resulted in a profoundly reduced tumor burden in AOM/DSS mice and additionally reduced adenomas in the ApcMin/+ mouse model of familial adenomatous polyposis, suggesting a tumor-promoting role for these cells at an early premalignant stage. This was confirmed in further studies of AOM/DSS mice, as enteric glia depletion did not affect the properties of established malignant tumors but did result in a marked reduction in the development of precancerous dysplastic lesions. Surprisingly, the protective effect of enteric glia depletion was not dependent on modulation of anti-tumor immunity or intestinal inflammation. These findings reveal that GFAP+ enteric glia play a critical pro-tumorigenic role during early CRC development and identify these cells as a potential target for CRC prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number595892
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 13 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apc
  • azoxymethane/dextran sodium sulfate
  • colorectal cancer
  • enteric glia
  • enteric nervous system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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