Entrainment of the Larval Locomotor Activity Rhythm of a Carabid Beetle, Carabus insulicola insulicola (Coleoptera: Carabidae) to T21 and T24 Cycles and After-Effects on Free-Running Period

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Abstract

The locomotor activity of individual 3rd (final) instar larva of Carabus insulicola insulicola was recorded by an infrared-beam actograph at 20°C. The larvae were raised under either LD 10.5: 10.5 (10.5 h light and 10.5 h dark, T21), LD 12: 12 (T24), LD 14: 14 (T28), or constant light (LL) from eggs and placed in the actographs after the second molt. All the T21 or T24 larvae became entrained but T28 larvae did not; half of the T28 larvae showed 'relative coordination' and half showed no clear rhythmicity. The entrained larvae had an active phase (a) beginning a few hours after dusk until the end of the first half of the photophase. When a coincided with the photophase, the activity level remained high irrespective of the entrainment status. Phase-angle differences were read between the onset of activity and light-off (ψon), and between the end of activity and light-on (ψend). Within the range of entrainment, ψ decreased as T increased; the mean change in ψon per hour, expressed as degrees of T cycles, was 9.7°, and the change in ψend was 17.7°. The length of a was nearly constant at the T21 and T24 entrainments, at T28 relative coordination, and at constant dark (DD) or LL free-running. The free-running period (23.4 h) at DD for T21 larvae was significantly shorter than that for T24 larvae (24.5 h).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-175
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

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Carabidae
locomotion
Coleoptera
larvae
photophase
molting
instars

Keywords

  • Carabidae
  • circadian rhythm
  • entrainment
  • larval activity rhythm
  • phase-angle difference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

Cite this

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title = "Entrainment of the Larval Locomotor Activity Rhythm of a Carabid Beetle, Carabus insulicola insulicola (Coleoptera: Carabidae) to T21 and T24 Cycles and After-Effects on Free-Running Period",
abstract = "The locomotor activity of individual 3rd (final) instar larva of Carabus insulicola insulicola was recorded by an infrared-beam actograph at 20°C. The larvae were raised under either LD 10.5: 10.5 (10.5 h light and 10.5 h dark, T21), LD 12: 12 (T24), LD 14: 14 (T28), or constant light (LL) from eggs and placed in the actographs after the second molt. All the T21 or T24 larvae became entrained but T28 larvae did not; half of the T28 larvae showed 'relative coordination' and half showed no clear rhythmicity. The entrained larvae had an active phase (a) beginning a few hours after dusk until the end of the first half of the photophase. When a coincided with the photophase, the activity level remained high irrespective of the entrainment status. Phase-angle differences were read between the onset of activity and light-off (ψon), and between the end of activity and light-on (ψend). Within the range of entrainment, ψ decreased as T increased; the mean change in ψon per hour, expressed as degrees of T cycles, was 9.7°, and the change in ψend was 17.7°. The length of a was nearly constant at the T21 and T24 entrainments, at T28 relative coordination, and at constant dark (DD) or LL free-running. The free-running period (23.4 h) at DD for T21 larvae was significantly shorter than that for T24 larvae (24.5 h).",
keywords = "Carabidae, circadian rhythm, entrainment, larval activity rhythm, phase-angle difference",
author = "Shin Yamazaki",
year = "1992",
doi = "10.1303/jjaez.36.169",
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T1 - Entrainment of the Larval Locomotor Activity Rhythm of a Carabid Beetle, Carabus insulicola insulicola (Coleoptera

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AU - Yamazaki, Shin

PY - 1992

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N2 - The locomotor activity of individual 3rd (final) instar larva of Carabus insulicola insulicola was recorded by an infrared-beam actograph at 20°C. The larvae were raised under either LD 10.5: 10.5 (10.5 h light and 10.5 h dark, T21), LD 12: 12 (T24), LD 14: 14 (T28), or constant light (LL) from eggs and placed in the actographs after the second molt. All the T21 or T24 larvae became entrained but T28 larvae did not; half of the T28 larvae showed 'relative coordination' and half showed no clear rhythmicity. The entrained larvae had an active phase (a) beginning a few hours after dusk until the end of the first half of the photophase. When a coincided with the photophase, the activity level remained high irrespective of the entrainment status. Phase-angle differences were read between the onset of activity and light-off (ψon), and between the end of activity and light-on (ψend). Within the range of entrainment, ψ decreased as T increased; the mean change in ψon per hour, expressed as degrees of T cycles, was 9.7°, and the change in ψend was 17.7°. The length of a was nearly constant at the T21 and T24 entrainments, at T28 relative coordination, and at constant dark (DD) or LL free-running. The free-running period (23.4 h) at DD for T21 larvae was significantly shorter than that for T24 larvae (24.5 h).

AB - The locomotor activity of individual 3rd (final) instar larva of Carabus insulicola insulicola was recorded by an infrared-beam actograph at 20°C. The larvae were raised under either LD 10.5: 10.5 (10.5 h light and 10.5 h dark, T21), LD 12: 12 (T24), LD 14: 14 (T28), or constant light (LL) from eggs and placed in the actographs after the second molt. All the T21 or T24 larvae became entrained but T28 larvae did not; half of the T28 larvae showed 'relative coordination' and half showed no clear rhythmicity. The entrained larvae had an active phase (a) beginning a few hours after dusk until the end of the first half of the photophase. When a coincided with the photophase, the activity level remained high irrespective of the entrainment status. Phase-angle differences were read between the onset of activity and light-off (ψon), and between the end of activity and light-on (ψend). Within the range of entrainment, ψ decreased as T increased; the mean change in ψon per hour, expressed as degrees of T cycles, was 9.7°, and the change in ψend was 17.7°. The length of a was nearly constant at the T21 and T24 entrainments, at T28 relative coordination, and at constant dark (DD) or LL free-running. The free-running period (23.4 h) at DD for T21 larvae was significantly shorter than that for T24 larvae (24.5 h).

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