Environmental influences on safer sex in young gay men: A situational presentation approach to measuring influences on sexual health

Michael W. Ross, Doug Henry, Anne Freeman, Margaret Caughy, Alvin G. Dawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Environmental influences on sexual behavior are difficult to examine given their temporal distance from the sexual act and the cost of long-term longitudinal studies. We examined environmental influences on risky sexual behavior in young gay men using the Situational Presentation (Sitpres) methodology, where situations in which relevant environmental variables are presented as computer vignettes with the variables randomly allocated, and participants rate the likelihood of their engaging in unsafe sexual behavior. A total of 100 gay men aged between 18 and 26 years of age completed 20 situational presentations with the outcome being the likelihood of engaging in unprotected anal intercourse. On regression analysis, 3 environmental variables significantly predicted safer sex: perceived gay/bisexual men's norms toward condom use; availability of HIV prevention messages; and what one's religion says about gay sex. Not significant were family, media, legal, and work/school attitudes to homosexuality. Demographic variables that were predictors included education, age, sexual orientation, and degree of being "out" about sexual orientation. These data suggest that environmental factors can be approximated using the Sitpres methodology, and that more proximal environmental variables have a stronger impact than distal ones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-257
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2004

Fingerprint

Safe Sex
Reproductive Health
Sexual Behavior
Homosexuality
Condoms
Religion
Longitudinal Studies
Regression Analysis
Demography
Sexual Minorities
Situational
Sexual Health
Environmental Influences
Gay Men
HIV
Education
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • Environment
  • Gay men
  • Homosexuality
  • Safe sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Environmental influences on safer sex in young gay men : A situational presentation approach to measuring influences on sexual health. / Ross, Michael W.; Henry, Doug; Freeman, Anne; Caughy, Margaret; Dawson, Alvin G.

In: Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 33, No. 3, 06.2004, p. 249-257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ross, Michael W. ; Henry, Doug ; Freeman, Anne ; Caughy, Margaret ; Dawson, Alvin G. / Environmental influences on safer sex in young gay men : A situational presentation approach to measuring influences on sexual health. In: Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2004 ; Vol. 33, No. 3. pp. 249-257.
@article{7564cdedf25842aa9a43ddad662ba72e,
title = "Environmental influences on safer sex in young gay men: A situational presentation approach to measuring influences on sexual health",
abstract = "Environmental influences on sexual behavior are difficult to examine given their temporal distance from the sexual act and the cost of long-term longitudinal studies. We examined environmental influences on risky sexual behavior in young gay men using the Situational Presentation (Sitpres) methodology, where situations in which relevant environmental variables are presented as computer vignettes with the variables randomly allocated, and participants rate the likelihood of their engaging in unsafe sexual behavior. A total of 100 gay men aged between 18 and 26 years of age completed 20 situational presentations with the outcome being the likelihood of engaging in unprotected anal intercourse. On regression analysis, 3 environmental variables significantly predicted safer sex: perceived gay/bisexual men's norms toward condom use; availability of HIV prevention messages; and what one's religion says about gay sex. Not significant were family, media, legal, and work/school attitudes to homosexuality. Demographic variables that were predictors included education, age, sexual orientation, and degree of being {"}out{"} about sexual orientation. These data suggest that environmental factors can be approximated using the Sitpres methodology, and that more proximal environmental variables have a stronger impact than distal ones.",
keywords = "Environment, Gay men, Homosexuality, Safe sex",
author = "Ross, {Michael W.} and Doug Henry and Anne Freeman and Margaret Caughy and Dawson, {Alvin G.}",
year = "2004",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1023/B:ASEB.0000026624.69223.5f",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "249--257",
journal = "Archives of Sexual Behavior",
issn = "0004-0002",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental influences on safer sex in young gay men

T2 - A situational presentation approach to measuring influences on sexual health

AU - Ross, Michael W.

AU - Henry, Doug

AU - Freeman, Anne

AU - Caughy, Margaret

AU - Dawson, Alvin G.

PY - 2004/6

Y1 - 2004/6

N2 - Environmental influences on sexual behavior are difficult to examine given their temporal distance from the sexual act and the cost of long-term longitudinal studies. We examined environmental influences on risky sexual behavior in young gay men using the Situational Presentation (Sitpres) methodology, where situations in which relevant environmental variables are presented as computer vignettes with the variables randomly allocated, and participants rate the likelihood of their engaging in unsafe sexual behavior. A total of 100 gay men aged between 18 and 26 years of age completed 20 situational presentations with the outcome being the likelihood of engaging in unprotected anal intercourse. On regression analysis, 3 environmental variables significantly predicted safer sex: perceived gay/bisexual men's norms toward condom use; availability of HIV prevention messages; and what one's religion says about gay sex. Not significant were family, media, legal, and work/school attitudes to homosexuality. Demographic variables that were predictors included education, age, sexual orientation, and degree of being "out" about sexual orientation. These data suggest that environmental factors can be approximated using the Sitpres methodology, and that more proximal environmental variables have a stronger impact than distal ones.

AB - Environmental influences on sexual behavior are difficult to examine given their temporal distance from the sexual act and the cost of long-term longitudinal studies. We examined environmental influences on risky sexual behavior in young gay men using the Situational Presentation (Sitpres) methodology, where situations in which relevant environmental variables are presented as computer vignettes with the variables randomly allocated, and participants rate the likelihood of their engaging in unsafe sexual behavior. A total of 100 gay men aged between 18 and 26 years of age completed 20 situational presentations with the outcome being the likelihood of engaging in unprotected anal intercourse. On regression analysis, 3 environmental variables significantly predicted safer sex: perceived gay/bisexual men's norms toward condom use; availability of HIV prevention messages; and what one's religion says about gay sex. Not significant were family, media, legal, and work/school attitudes to homosexuality. Demographic variables that were predictors included education, age, sexual orientation, and degree of being "out" about sexual orientation. These data suggest that environmental factors can be approximated using the Sitpres methodology, and that more proximal environmental variables have a stronger impact than distal ones.

KW - Environment

KW - Gay men

KW - Homosexuality

KW - Safe sex

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=3342912105&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=3342912105&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1023/B:ASEB.0000026624.69223.5f

DO - 10.1023/B:ASEB.0000026624.69223.5f

M3 - Article

C2 - 15129043

AN - SCOPUS:3342912105

VL - 33

SP - 249

EP - 257

JO - Archives of Sexual Behavior

JF - Archives of Sexual Behavior

SN - 0004-0002

IS - 3

ER -