Enzymatic and fluorescence studies of four single-tryptophan mutants of rat testis fructose 6-phosphate,2-kinase:fructose 2,6-bisphosphatase

Fusao Watanabe, David M. Jameson, Kosaku Uyeda

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Abstract

In order to determine environments around four tryptophan residues, located in the N-terminus, in the kinase and in the phosphatase domains of rat testis Fru 6-P,2-kinase:Fru 2,6-bisphosphatase, mutant enzymes containing a single tryptophan were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis. The kinetic constants of these mutant enzymes were similar to those of the wild- type enzyme. The sum of the fluorescence intensities of the enzymes was 1.5x that of the wild-type enzyme, and Trp 299, Trp 64, Trp 15, and Trp 320 contributed 38%, 28%, 17%, and 17%, respectively. The fluorescence polarization of the wild-type enzyme was significantly lower than any of the mutant enzymes, suggesting proximity of two tryptophan residues in the wild- type enzyme. The polarization in the presence of Fru 6-P affected only Trp 15, which suggested that it is located near the Fru 6-P binding site, but Trp 64 is not. Inactivation of both enzyme activities and unfolding of these enzymes in guanidine were monitored by activity assays and fluorescence intensities and maxima. Both Fru 6-P,2-kinase and Fru 2,6-bisphosphatase activities of all these enzymes were inactivated between 0.7 and 1 M guanidine. Enzymes containing Trp 64 or Trp 15 showed biphasic fractional unfolding curves, but those of Trp 299 or Trp 320 showed gradual steady changes. Fluorescence quenching by iodide indicated that Trp 64 was not accessible and that other Trp residues were only slightly accessible to solvent. These results suggest that all the Trp residues are in heterogeneous environments and that none are exposed on the protein surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)904-913
Number of pages10
JournalProtein Science
Volume5
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 1996

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Keywords

  • Fru 6-P,2-kinase:Fru 2,6-Pase
  • bifunctional enzymes
  • glycolysis
  • intrinsic fluorescence
  • tryptophan in protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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