Epidemiologic similarities in pediatric community-associated methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus in the San Francisco bay area

Michelle S. Hsiang, Rita Shiau, Joelle Nadle, Liana Chan, Brian Lee, Henry F. Chambers, Erica Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Risk factors differentiating methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from methicillin-sensitive S aureus (MSSA) infections in the pediatric community have been unclear. Methods: We performed a prospective case-comparison investigation of clinical, epidemiological, and molecular factors in pediatric community-associated (CA) MRSA and MSSA cases in the San Francisco Bay Area. Chart reviews were conducted in 270 CA-MRSA and 313 CA-MSSA cases. Fifty-eight CAMRSA (21.4%) and 95 CA-MSSA (30.4%) cases were interviewed. Molecular typing was performed on 111 isolates. Results: MSSA represented 53.7% of CA cases and was more likely to cause invasive disease (6.2% vs 1.1%, P = .004). Few potential epidemiologic risk factors distinguished CA-MRSA from CA-MSSA. No differences were found in factors related to crowding, cleanliness, or prior antibiotic use. Compromised skin integrity due to eczema (24.3% vs 13.5%, P = .001) was associated with CAMSSA. Many exposures to potentially infected or colonized contacts or contaminated objects were assessed; only three were associated with CA-MSSA: having a household contact who had surgery in the past year (18.9% vs 6.0%, P = .02), and regular visits to a public shower (9.1% vs 2.0%, P = .01) or gym (12.6% vs 3.3%, P = .04). Molecular typing identified clonal complex 8 as the predominant genetic lineage among CA-MRSA (96.4%) and CA-MSSA (39.3%) isolates. Conclusions: In the context of recent heightened focus on CA-MRSA, the burden of serious disease caused by CA-MSSA among children should not be overlooked. MRSA and MSSA may be growing epidemiologically similar; thus, research, clinical, and public health efforts should focus on S aureus as a single entity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberpis061
Pages (from-to)200-211
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • MRSA
  • MSSA
  • Pediatrics
  • S aureus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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