Epidemiology of stone disease across the world

Igor Sorokin, Charalampos Mamoulakis, Katsuhito Miyazawa, Allen Rodgers, Jamsheer Talati, Yair Lotan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nephrolithiasis is a highly prevalent disease worldwide with rates ranging from 7 to 13% in North America, 5–9% in Europe, and 1–5% in Asia. Due to high rates of new and recurrent stones, management of stones is expensive and the disease has a high level of acute and chronic morbidity. The goal of this study is to review the epidemiology of stone disease in order to improve patient care. A review of the literature was conducted through a search on Pubmed®, Medline®, and Google Scholar®. This review was presented and peer-reviewed at the 3rd International Consultation on Stone Disease during the 2014 Société Internationale d’Urologie Congress in Glasgow. It represents an update of the 2008 consensus document based on expert opinion of the most relevant studies. There has been a rising incidence in stone disease throughout the world with a narrowing of the gender gap. Increased stone prevalence has been attributed to population growth and increases in obesity and diabetes. General dietary recommendations of increased fluid, decreased salt, and moderate intake of protein have not changed. However, specific recommended values have either changed or are more frequently reported. Geography and environment influenced the likelihood of stone disease and more information is needed regarding stone disease in a large portion of the world including Asia and Africa. Randomized controlled studies are lacking but are necessary to improve recommendations regarding diet and fluid intake. Understanding the impact of associated conditions that are rapidly increasing will improve the prevention of stone disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 17 2017

Fingerprint

Epidemiology
Nephrolithiasis
Geography
Population Growth
Expert Testimony
North America
PubMed
Patient Care
Referral and Consultation
Obesity
Salts
Diet
Morbidity
Incidence
Proteins

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Kidney stones
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Renal calculi
  • Urolithiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Sorokin, I., Mamoulakis, C., Miyazawa, K., Rodgers, A., Talati, J., & Lotan, Y. (Accepted/In press). Epidemiology of stone disease across the world. World Journal of Urology, 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-017-2008-6

Epidemiology of stone disease across the world. / Sorokin, Igor; Mamoulakis, Charalampos; Miyazawa, Katsuhito; Rodgers, Allen; Talati, Jamsheer; Lotan, Yair.

In: World Journal of Urology, 17.02.2017, p. 1-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sorokin, I, Mamoulakis, C, Miyazawa, K, Rodgers, A, Talati, J & Lotan, Y 2017, 'Epidemiology of stone disease across the world', World Journal of Urology, pp. 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-017-2008-6
Sorokin I, Mamoulakis C, Miyazawa K, Rodgers A, Talati J, Lotan Y. Epidemiology of stone disease across the world. World Journal of Urology. 2017 Feb 17;1-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-017-2008-6
Sorokin, Igor ; Mamoulakis, Charalampos ; Miyazawa, Katsuhito ; Rodgers, Allen ; Talati, Jamsheer ; Lotan, Yair. / Epidemiology of stone disease across the world. In: World Journal of Urology. 2017 ; pp. 1-20.
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