The common epithelial tumors of the human ovary have rarely been found in the gonads of intersex patients with gonadal dysgenesis or true hermaphroditism. This report describes a patient with ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma and mixed gonadal dysgenesis ( 45,X 46,XY) and reviews other reported cases. Intersex patients require early evaluation with treatment based on the karyotypic risk of malignant gonadal transformation. Epithelial ovarian tumors arising in dysgenetic gonads, which lack ova and are incapable of ovulating, provide a unique model for understanding the role of pituitary gonadotropins in ovarian epithelial tumorigenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology