Epithelial retinoic acid receptor β regulates serum amyloid A expression and vitamin A-dependent intestinal immunity

Sureka Gattu, Ye Ji Bang, Mihir Pendse, Chaitanya Dende, Andrew L. Chara, Tamia A. Harris, Yuhao Wang, Kelly A. Ruhn, Zheng Kuang, Shanthini Sockanathan, Lora V. Hooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vitamin A is a dietary component that is essential for the development of intestinal immunity. Vitamin A is absorbed and converted to its bioactive derivatives retinol and retinoic acid by the intestinal epithelium, yet little is known about how epithelial cells regulate vitamin A-dependent intestinal immunity. Here we show that epithelial cell expression of the transcription factor retinoic acid receptor β (RARβ) is essential for vitamin A-dependent intestinal immunity. Epithelial RARβ activated vitamin A-dependent expression of serum amyloid A (SAA) proteins by binding directly to Saa promoters. In accordance with the known role of SAAs in regulating Th17 cell effector function, epithelial RARβ promoted IL-17 production by intestinal Th17 cells. More broadly, epithelial RARβ was required for the development of key vitamin A-dependent adaptive immune responses, including CD4+ T cell homing to the intestine and the development of immunoglobulin A-producing intestinal B cells. Our findings provide insight into how the intestinal epithelium senses dietary vitamin A status to regulate adaptive immunity and highlight the role of epithelial cells in regulating intestinal immunity in response to diet. Significance Statement Vitamin A is a nutrient that is essential for the development of intestinal immunity. It is absorbed by gut epithelial cells which convert it to retinol and retinoic acid. Here we show that the transcription factor retinoic acid receptor β (RARβ) allows epithelial cells to sense vitamin A in the diet and regulate vitamin A-dependent immunity in the intestine. We find that epithelial RARβ regulates several intestinal immune responses, including production of the immunomodulatory protein serum amyloid A, T cell homing to the intestine, and B cell production of immunoglobulin A. Our findings provide new insight into how epithelial cells sense vitamin A to regulate intestinal immunity and highlight why vitamin A is so important for immunity to infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Keywords

  • intestinal epithelium
  • microbiota
  • mucosal immunity
  • retinol
  • Vitamin A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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