Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid analog EET-A blunts development of lupus nephritis in mice

Md Abdul Hye Khan, Anna Stavniichuk, Mohammad Abdul Sattar, J R Falck, John D. Imig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disorder that causes life threatening renal disease and current therapies are limited with serious side-effects. CYP epoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) demonstrate strong anti-inflammatory and kidney protective actions. We investigated the ability of an orally active EET analog, EET-A to prevent kidney injury in a mouse SLE model. Twenty-weeks old female NZBWF1 (SLE) and age-matched NZW/LacJ (Non SLE) were treated with vehicle or EET-A (10 mg/kg/d, p.o.) for 14 weeks and urine and kidney tissues were collected at the end of the protocol. SLE mice demonstrated marked renal chemotaxis with 30-60% higher renal mRNA expression of CXC chemokine receptors (CXCR) and CXC chemokines (CXCL) compared to Non SLE mice. In SLE mice, the elevated chemotaxis is associated with 5-15-fold increase in cytokine mRNA expression and elevated inflammatory cell infiltration in the kidney. SLE mice also had elevated BUN, serum creatinine, proteinuria, and renal fibrosis. Interestingly, EET-A treatment markedly diminished renal CXCR and CXCL renal mRNA expression in SLE mice. EET-A treatment also reduced renal TNF-a, IL-6, IL-1β, and IFN-γ mRNA expression by 70-80% in SLE mice. Along with reductions in renal chemokine and cytokine mRNA expression, EET-A reduced renal immune cell infiltration, BUN, serum creatinine, proteinuria and renal fibrosis in SLE mice. Overall, we demonstrate that an orally active EET analog, EET-A prevents renal injury in a mouse model of SLE by reducing inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number512
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume10
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Chemokine
  • EET analog
  • Inflammation
  • Lupus nephritis
  • Mouse
  • Small lipid mediators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid analog EET-A blunts development of lupus nephritis in mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this