ER stress induces cleavage of membrane-bound ATF6 by the same proteases that process SREBPs

Jin Ye, Robert B. Rawson, Ryutaro Komuro, Xi Chen, Utpal P. Davé, Ron Prywes, Michael S. Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1126 Scopus citations

Abstract

ATF6 is a membrane-bound transcription factor that activates genes in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response. When unfolded proteins accumulate in the ER, ATF6 is cleaved to release its cytoplasmic domain, which enters the nucleus. Here, we show that ATF6 is processed by Site-1 protease (S1P) and Site-2 protease (S2P), the enzymes that process SREBPs in response to cholesterol deprivation. ATF6 processing was blocked completely in cells lacking S2P and partially in cells lacking S1P. ATF6 processing required the RxxL and asparagine/proline motifs, known requirements for S1P and S2P processing, respectively. Cells lacking S2P failed to induce GRP78, an ATF6 target, in response to ER stress. ATF6 processing did not require SCAP, which is essential for SREBP processing. We conclude that S1P and S2P are required for the ER stress response as well as for lipid synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1355-1364
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular cell
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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