Esophageal replacement following gastric devascularization is safe, feasible, and may decrease anastomotic complications

Kyle A. Perry, C. Kristian Enestvedt, Thai H. Pham, James P. Dolan, John G. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Gastric transposition is the most common reconstruction after esophagectomy. Despite technical improvements, the incidence of anastomotic complications remains high. Gastric devascularization followed by esophageal resection and reconstruction has been proposed to minimize these complications. Methods: Thirty-two patients underwent minimally invasive esophagectomy, and seven high-risk patients were selected for laparoscopic gastric devascularization performed either 1 week (n = 5) or 12 weeks (n = 2) before esophageal resection. Primary outcomes included anastomotic leak and stricture. Results: Each patient underwent successful laparoscopic devascularization and subsequent esophagectomy. Devascularization required an average of 134 minutes with minimal operative blood loss. There were no complications following gastric devascularization or directly attributable to delay. None of the delay patients developed an anastomotic leak, compared to 16% of patients after immediate reconstruction (p = 0.258). One patient (14%) developed an anastomotic stricture that required endoscopic dilatation within the first year after surgery, compared to 12% of immediate reconstruction patients (p = 0.872). Conclusion: In this series, all patients underwent successful delayed reconstruction following gastric devascularization without anastomotic leak. The absence of anastomotic leak in the delay group suggests that delayed conduit preparation can be accomplished safely while potentially reducing the morbidity associated with esophagectomy, but larger prospective studies are required to prove this definitively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1069-1073
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2010

Keywords

  • Anastomotic complications
  • Esophageal replacement
  • Gastric conduit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

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