We have generated mice lacking synaptogyrin I and synaptophysin I to explore the functions of these abundant tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins of synaptic vesicles. Single and double knockout mice were alive and fertile without significant morphological or biochemical changes. Electrophysiological recordings in the hippocampal CA1 region revealed that short-term and long-term synaptic plasticity were severely reduced in the synaptophysin/synaptogyrin double knockout mice. LTP was decreased independent of the induction protocol, suggesting that the defect in LTP was not caused by insufficient induction. Our data show that synaptogyrin I and synaptophysin I perform redundant and essential functions in synaptic plasticity without being required for neurotransmitter release itself.
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