As a major class of glial cells, astrocytes have been indicated to play multi-roles in physiological and pathological brain. Astrocyte cultures derived from postnatal mouse brains have been extensively used to characterize their biological properties. However, the inability to culture adult mouse primary astrocytes has long stymied studies of function in adult brain. Here, we developed a protocol to successfully establish highly enriched astrocyte cultures from the brains of adult mouse. Cortical tissues were collected to prepare cell suspension by enzymatic digestion and mechanical dissociation, and then plated onto vessels pre-coated with gelatin and matrigel and cultured in DMEM medium containing 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS). Forskolin (FSK) and glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) were use to promote astrocyte proliferation and survival respectively. These adult astrocyte cultures were identified by immunocytochemical, immunobloting and PCR analysis. Furthermore, biological and functional analysis indicated that they possess the biochemical and physiological properties of astrocytes, suggestive of a useful cell model for astroglial studies in adult brain.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Brain Research Bulletin|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2017|
- Biological property
- Primary culture
ASJC Scopus subject areas