Estimating the Health and Economic Impacts of Changes in Local Air Quality

Martha L. Carvour, Amy E. Hughes, Neal Fann, Robert W. Haley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the benefits-mapping software Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program-Community Edition (BenMAP-CE), which integrates local air quality data with previously published concentration-response and health-economic valuation functions to estimate the health effects of changes in air pollution levels and their economic consequences. METHODS: We illustrate a local health impact assessment of ozone changes in the 10-county nonattainment area of the Dallas-Fort Worth region of Texas, estimating the short-term effects on mortality predicted by 2 scenarios for 3 years (2008, 2011, and 2013): an incremental rollback of the daily 8-hour maximum ozone levels of all area monitors by 10 parts per billion and a rollback-to-a-standard ambient level of 65 parts per billion at only monitors above that level. RESULTS: Estimates of preventable premature deaths attributable to ozone air pollution obtained by the incremental rollback method varied little by year, whereas those obtained by the rollback-to-a-standard method varied by year and were sensitive to the choice of ordinality and the use of preloaded or imported data. CONCLUSIONS: BenMAP-CE allows local and regional public health analysts to generate timely, evidence-based estimates of the health impacts and economic consequences of potential policy options in their communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S151-S157
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume108
Issue numberS2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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