Ethnic disparities in long-term functional outcomes after traumatic brain injury.

Kristan L. Staudenmayer, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Ana de Oliveira, Larry M. Gentilello, Shahid Shafi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Ethnic disparities in access to acute rehabilitation and in long-term global neurologic outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been previously documented. The current study was undertaken to determine whether there are specific types of functional deficits that disproportionately affect ethnic minorities after TBI. METHODS: The TBI Clinical Trials Network is a National Institutes of Health-funded multicenter prospective study. Local data from trauma centers in a single ethnically diverse major metropolitan study site were analyzed. Functional outcomes were measured in 211 patients with blunt TBI (head Abbreviated Injury Scale score 3-5) who were alive >/=6 months after discharge using the Functional Status Examination (FSE), which measures outcome in 10 functional domains and compares current functional status to preinjury status. For each domain, patients were classified as functionally independent (FSE score 1, 2) or dependent upon others (FSE score 3, 4). Ethnic minorities (n = 66) were compared with non-Hispanic whites (n = 145), with p < 0.05 considered significant. RESULTS: The two groups had similar injury severity (head Abbreviated Injury Scale score, initial Glasgow Coma Scale score, Injury Severity Score) and were equally likely to be placed in rehabilitation after trauma center discharge (minorities 51%, whites 46%, p = 0.28). Minority patients experienced worse long-term functional outcomes in all domains, which reached statistical significance in post-TBI standard of living, engagement in leisure activities, and return to work or school. CONCLUSIONS: Ethnic minorities with TBI suffer worse long-term deficits in three specific functional domains. TBI rehabilitation programs should target these specific areas to reduce disparities in functional outcomes in ethnic minorities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1364-1369
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of trauma
Volume63
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2007

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Abbreviated Injury Scale
Rehabilitation
Trauma Centers
Craniocerebral Trauma
Glasgow Coma Scale
Injury Severity Score
Return to Work
Leisure Activities
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Traumatic Brain Injury
Nervous System
Multicenter Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Clinical Trials
Prospective Studies
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Staudenmayer, K. L., Diaz-Arrastia, R., de Oliveira, A., Gentilello, L. M., & Shafi, S. (2007). Ethnic disparities in long-term functional outcomes after traumatic brain injury. The Journal of trauma, 63(6), 1364-1369.

Ethnic disparities in long-term functional outcomes after traumatic brain injury. / Staudenmayer, Kristan L.; Diaz-Arrastia, Ramon; de Oliveira, Ana; Gentilello, Larry M.; Shafi, Shahid.

In: The Journal of trauma, Vol. 63, No. 6, 12.2007, p. 1364-1369.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Staudenmayer, KL, Diaz-Arrastia, R, de Oliveira, A, Gentilello, LM & Shafi, S 2007, 'Ethnic disparities in long-term functional outcomes after traumatic brain injury.', The Journal of trauma, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 1364-1369.
Staudenmayer KL, Diaz-Arrastia R, de Oliveira A, Gentilello LM, Shafi S. Ethnic disparities in long-term functional outcomes after traumatic brain injury. The Journal of trauma. 2007 Dec;63(6):1364-1369.
Staudenmayer, Kristan L. ; Diaz-Arrastia, Ramon ; de Oliveira, Ana ; Gentilello, Larry M. ; Shafi, Shahid. / Ethnic disparities in long-term functional outcomes after traumatic brain injury. In: The Journal of trauma. 2007 ; Vol. 63, No. 6. pp. 1364-1369.
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