Evaluation and treatment of resistant or difficult-to-control hypertension

David Wojciechowski, Vasilios Papademetriou, Charles Faselis, Ross Fletcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

An observational study was conducted in 164 patients with resistant or difficult-to-control hypertension. Treatment was adjusted to achieve blood pressure recommendations from the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7). Patients were mostly male (95.73%) and African American (86.595) and had an average age of 63.68 years. Comorbidities included diabetes (42.07%) and chronic kidney disease, with an average estimated glomerular filtration rate of 83.55 mL/min/ 1.73 m2. At the time of referral, average blood pressure was 160/87mm Hg. The average number of antihypertensive medications per patient at baseline was 3.43, which increased to 4.06 and 4.18 at 3 and 6 months, respectively (P≤.0008), with about 80% of patients receiving a diuretic prior to intervention. Blood pressure decreased to 135.55/74.55 and 137.62/74.03mm Hg at 3 and 6months, respectively (P<.0001). By month 6, the blood pressure goal was reached in 45.10% of patients. At months 3 and 6, 100% of patients were now receiving a diuretic. The average estimated glomerular filtration rate at month 6 was 79.36mL/min/ 1.73 m2 (P=NS). Patients referred for resistant or difficult-to-control hypertension may be controlled by making targeted adjustments to their medical regimen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-843
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Hypertension
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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