Evaluation of the hemodynamic effects of intravenous administration of ionic and nonionic contrast materials

C. B. Higgins, K. H. Gerber, R. F. Mattrey, R. A. Slutsky

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Abstract

The effects of intravenous injection of an ionic contrast material (Renografin-76 [meglumine sodium diatrizoate]) on left ventricular pressure, internal diameter, and wall thickness, and on coronary and femoral hemodynamics were compared with those of a hydrolytically stable nonionic contrast material (iohexol). Renografin-76 caused drastic biphasic changes in left ventricular pressure and dp/dt (rate of change of left ventricular pressure), and moderate changes in end systolic dimension. Iohexol caused little or no change in left ventricular pressure and dimensions. In addition, Renografin-76 caused marked arterial hypertension and large increases in coronary and femoral blood flows, while iohexol caused no significant change in arterial pressure and coronary blood flow, and a mild increase in femoral blood flow. Based on these findings, it is concluded that iohexol is preferable to standard ionic contrast material for deriving basal physiologic information from computed tomographic and digital vascular studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)681-686
Number of pages6
JournalRadiology
Volume142
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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