Evidence for the early onset of aberrant promoter methylation in urothelial carcinoma. Dhawan D, Hamdy FC, Rehman I, Patterson J, Cross SS, Feeley KM, Stephenson Y, Meuth M, Catto JW, Academic Urology Unit, University of Sheffield, and Department of Urology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, UK

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Abstract

There is evidence that carcinoma in situ (CIS) is the precursor of invasive urothelial carcinoma, a tumour characterized by frequent gene promoter methylation. The timing of altered DNA methylation is unknown in this pathway. Here we investigate gene methylation in 196 consecutive samples of normal urothelium, CIS, and tumours from 104 patients with both CIS and invasive urothelial carcinoma using quantitative methyl-sensitive polymerase chain reaction for six genes (p16, p14, E-cadherin, RARbeta2, RASSF1a, and GSTP1). Control normal urothelial samples from 15 patients with no history of urothelial carcinoma were also analysed. Immunohistochemistry established the expression of well-characterized CIS markers p53 and cytokeratin 20. Promoter methylation occurred frequently in both normal urothelium and CIS samples from patients with urothelial carcinoma, and increased with progression from normal to invasive urothelial carcinoma, at both specific loci (chi2 test: E-cadherin, p=0.0001; RASSF1a, p=0.003, RARbeta2, p=0.007, p16, p=0.024) and in general (methylation indices [t-test, p<0.0001]). Methylation was associated with cytokeratin 20 expression (t-test, p=0.004) and poor prognosis, and with increased progression to tumour death in patients whose CIS samples showed methylation, in comparison with those without methylation (log rank p<0.03). Promoter methylation occurs early in the urothelial carcinogenic pathway and appears to be a good biomarker of the invasive urothelial carcinoma phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)564
Number of pages1
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

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Urology
Methylation
Carcinoma in Situ
Carcinoma
Keratin-20
Urothelium
Cadherins
p16 Genes
Neoplasms
DNA Methylation
Genes
Biomarkers
Immunohistochemistry
Phenotype
Polymerase Chain Reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

Cite this

@article{522777d076cd4932b306a407be9446df,
title = "Evidence for the early onset of aberrant promoter methylation in urothelial carcinoma. Dhawan D, Hamdy FC, Rehman I, Patterson J, Cross SS, Feeley KM, Stephenson Y, Meuth M, Catto JW, Academic Urology Unit, University of Sheffield, and Department of Urology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, UK",
abstract = "There is evidence that carcinoma in situ (CIS) is the precursor of invasive urothelial carcinoma, a tumour characterized by frequent gene promoter methylation. The timing of altered DNA methylation is unknown in this pathway. Here we investigate gene methylation in 196 consecutive samples of normal urothelium, CIS, and tumours from 104 patients with both CIS and invasive urothelial carcinoma using quantitative methyl-sensitive polymerase chain reaction for six genes (p16, p14, E-cadherin, RARbeta2, RASSF1a, and GSTP1). Control normal urothelial samples from 15 patients with no history of urothelial carcinoma were also analysed. Immunohistochemistry established the expression of well-characterized CIS markers p53 and cytokeratin 20. Promoter methylation occurred frequently in both normal urothelium and CIS samples from patients with urothelial carcinoma, and increased with progression from normal to invasive urothelial carcinoma, at both specific loci (chi2 test: E-cadherin, p=0.0001; RASSF1a, p=0.003, RARbeta2, p=0.007, p16, p=0.024) and in general (methylation indices [t-test, p<0.0001]). Methylation was associated with cytokeratin 20 expression (t-test, p=0.004) and poor prognosis, and with increased progression to tumour death in patients whose CIS samples showed methylation, in comparison with those without methylation (log rank p<0.03). Promoter methylation occurs early in the urothelial carcinogenic pathway and appears to be a good biomarker of the invasive urothelial carcinoma phenotype.",
author = "Hsieh, {Jer Tsong}",
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T1 - Evidence for the early onset of aberrant promoter methylation in urothelial carcinoma. Dhawan D, Hamdy FC, Rehman I, Patterson J, Cross SS, Feeley KM, Stephenson Y, Meuth M, Catto JW, Academic Urology Unit, University of Sheffield, and Department of Urology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, UK

AU - Hsieh, Jer Tsong

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N2 - There is evidence that carcinoma in situ (CIS) is the precursor of invasive urothelial carcinoma, a tumour characterized by frequent gene promoter methylation. The timing of altered DNA methylation is unknown in this pathway. Here we investigate gene methylation in 196 consecutive samples of normal urothelium, CIS, and tumours from 104 patients with both CIS and invasive urothelial carcinoma using quantitative methyl-sensitive polymerase chain reaction for six genes (p16, p14, E-cadherin, RARbeta2, RASSF1a, and GSTP1). Control normal urothelial samples from 15 patients with no history of urothelial carcinoma were also analysed. Immunohistochemistry established the expression of well-characterized CIS markers p53 and cytokeratin 20. Promoter methylation occurred frequently in both normal urothelium and CIS samples from patients with urothelial carcinoma, and increased with progression from normal to invasive urothelial carcinoma, at both specific loci (chi2 test: E-cadherin, p=0.0001; RASSF1a, p=0.003, RARbeta2, p=0.007, p16, p=0.024) and in general (methylation indices [t-test, p<0.0001]). Methylation was associated with cytokeratin 20 expression (t-test, p=0.004) and poor prognosis, and with increased progression to tumour death in patients whose CIS samples showed methylation, in comparison with those without methylation (log rank p<0.03). Promoter methylation occurs early in the urothelial carcinogenic pathway and appears to be a good biomarker of the invasive urothelial carcinoma phenotype.

AB - There is evidence that carcinoma in situ (CIS) is the precursor of invasive urothelial carcinoma, a tumour characterized by frequent gene promoter methylation. The timing of altered DNA methylation is unknown in this pathway. Here we investigate gene methylation in 196 consecutive samples of normal urothelium, CIS, and tumours from 104 patients with both CIS and invasive urothelial carcinoma using quantitative methyl-sensitive polymerase chain reaction for six genes (p16, p14, E-cadherin, RARbeta2, RASSF1a, and GSTP1). Control normal urothelial samples from 15 patients with no history of urothelial carcinoma were also analysed. Immunohistochemistry established the expression of well-characterized CIS markers p53 and cytokeratin 20. Promoter methylation occurred frequently in both normal urothelium and CIS samples from patients with urothelial carcinoma, and increased with progression from normal to invasive urothelial carcinoma, at both specific loci (chi2 test: E-cadherin, p=0.0001; RASSF1a, p=0.003, RARbeta2, p=0.007, p16, p=0.024) and in general (methylation indices [t-test, p<0.0001]). Methylation was associated with cytokeratin 20 expression (t-test, p=0.004) and poor prognosis, and with increased progression to tumour death in patients whose CIS samples showed methylation, in comparison with those without methylation (log rank p<0.03). Promoter methylation occurs early in the urothelial carcinogenic pathway and appears to be a good biomarker of the invasive urothelial carcinoma phenotype.

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