BACKGROUND The majority of established human prostate cancer cell lines are derived from metastatic lesions and are already tumorigenic in vivo, therefore immortalized normal prostate cell lines may provide a more relevant model to unveil the mechanisms associated with cancer progression and metastasis. METHODS PZ-HPV-7, an immortalized human prostate epithelial cell line was used to generate xenograft tumors in mice. A subline designated HPV-PZ-7T was subsequently derived from the subrenal capsule xenograft of a nude mouse. These cells were further characterized using karyotyping, immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, Western blotting, and three-dimensional cultures in Matrigel. RESULTS The PZ-HPV-7 cell line possesses a typical epithelial morphology, expresses basal cell markers, and is capable of forming web-like structures with evidence of budding on Matrigel. PZ-HPV-7 is non-tumorigenic in immunocompromised mice by either subcutaneous injection or subrenal grafting. In contrast, the PZ-HPV-7T cells, derived from a xenograft tumor induced by co-inoculation with matrigel using subrenal grafting, possess a mesenchymal phenotype as well as luminal cell markers and are highly tumorigenic and metastatic in nude mice. Functionally and biochemically, the PZ-HPV-7T subline appears to have undergone an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) from the parental PZ-HPV-7 line. CONCLUSION We have developed a novel EMT model using an immortalized normal prostate epithelial cell line and generated a new prostate cancer cell line, PZ-HPV-7T, which may represent an excellent system to study mechanisms associated with prostate cancer progression and metastasis.
- prostate cancer
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