The presence of an intracranial arteriovenous malformation has a dramatic impact on local circulatory dynamics. Treatment of some arteriovenous malformations can result in disastrous hyperemic states caused by redistribution of prevously shunted blood. This report describes serial hemodynamic measurements of both cerebral blood flow and flow velocity in 3 patients during treatment of arteriovenous malformations. Measurements of cerebral blood flow were made by computed tomographic scan employing the stable xenon inhalation technique; flow velocity, including autoregulatory characteristics, was measured by transcranial Doppler ultrasonogram. Substantial hyperemia developed in one patient (Case 1) after resection and in another (Case 3) after embolization. Embolization resulted in restoration of normal regional cerebral blood flow in a patient who demonstrated hypoperfusion before treatment (Case 2). In Patient 1, postoperative hyperemia was associated with persistently elevated flow velocities, and may have been accompanied by hemispheric neurological deficits. Sequential hemodynamic measurements may predict patients at risk of perioperative complications, and may become useful clinical guidelines for the extent and timing of embolization and for the timing of surgery after intracranial hemorrhage or preoperative embolization procedures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology