Patients with hypercalciuria have been reported to have an exaggerated response to hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), implying a renal tubular defect in solute reabsorption. To determine whether this disturbance is generalized or unique to a particular pathogenetic type of hypercalciuria, we measured the increments in urinary sodium (Δ Na), calcium (Δ Ca), and magnesium after a 100-mg dose of oral HCTZ in 10 normal subjects and 31 patients with different types of hypercalciuric nephrolithiasis. Eleven patients with renal hypercalciuria had significantly greater Δ Na (P < 0.005) and Δ Ca (P < 0.005) than the normal subjects. Ten patients with absorptive hypercalciuria and 10 patients with fasting hypercalciuria without parathyroid stimulation had Δ Na and Δ Ca indistinguishable from those of normal subjects. In all groups, urinary HCTZ and basal 24-h urinary Na did not differ. The results suggest that the unique natriuretic and calciuric responses to HCTZ occur only in renal hypercalciuric patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. The data support a renal tubular defect in renal hypercalciuric in contrast to other diagnostic categories of hypercalciuric nephrolithiasis. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 61: 825, 1985).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical