The first example of the palladium-catalyzed exclusive 5-exo-dig hydroarylation of o-alkynyl biaryls has been demonstrated. In contrast to the reported earlier carbocyclizations proceeding via the Friedel-Crafts mechanism, this hydroarylation efficiently proceeds with electron-neutral and electron-deficient arenes, producing fluorene frameworks with defined stereochemistry of the double bond. On the basis of the high reactivity of electron-deficient arenes toward cyclization, high values of inter- and intramolecular kinetic isotope effects, and the exclusive cis-selectivity of cyclization, a mechanism involving a C-H activation motif has been proposed for this transformation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry