Exon-specific northern analysis and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) reveal that the proximal promoter II (PII) is responsible for aromatase cytochrome P450 (CYP19) expression in human ovary

Christopher Jenkins, Dodson Michael, Mala Mahendroo, Evan Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Estrogens are synthesized from C19 steroids by a unique form of cytochrome P450, aromatase cytochrome P-450 (P-450AROM; the product of the CYP19 gene). We have shown that tissue-specific expression of human P-450AROM is determined, in part, by the use of alternative promoters. Previous methods of analysis for determining the specific 5'-termini of the different transcripts included S1 nuclease protection, primer extension, and Northern analysis. In the present study we have used the RACE procedure (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) to amplify and clone the 5' termini of P-450AROM transcripts expressed in human corpus luteum (CL). Sequencing of the resulting clones supports the results of the previously performed studies. Specifically, the proximal promoter, PII, is the predominant promoter utilized in CL, such that the start of transcription occurs 26 bp downstream of the putative TATA sequence. A minority of the clones possess an alternative 5'-end, namely I.3. Exon-specific Northern analysis confirms that the majority of the P-450AROM transcripts in CL tissue contain sequence specific for promoter II. Similarly, exon-specific Northern analysis indicates that transcripts in human follicles, as well as granulosa cells in culture, contain primarily sequence specific for promoter II.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1-R6
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume97
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1993

Keywords

  • CYP19
  • Northern blot
  • Ovary, human
  • P-450

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology

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