Experimental hypoxia has been used for decades to examine the adaptive response to low-oxygen environments. Various models have been studied, including flies, worms, fish, rodents, and humans. Our lab has recently used this technology to examine the effect of environmental hypoxia on mammalian heart regeneration. In this chapter, we describe studies of systemic hypoxia in mice. We found that systemic hypoxia can blunt oxidative DNA damage and induce cardiomyocyte proliferation. While our primary interests are focused on cardiovascular research, these hypoxia protocols are applicable to any other organ system.