Experimental ortho topic transplantation of vascularized skeletal allografts: Functional assessment and long-term survival

W. P. Andrew Lee, Yu Chuan Pan, Susan Kesmarky, Mark A. Randolph, Thomas S. Fiala, Marco T.J. Amarante, Andrew J. Weiland, Michael J. Yaremchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vascularized skeletal tissue allografts would greatly expand the domain of reconstructive surgery. Few studies to date have examined the functional aspects of these allografts or their long-term fate. An orthotopic transplant model of rat distal femur and surrounding muscular cuff was developed to assess graft function in fracture healing and weight bearing. Isografts (RTl' to RTl', n — 40), weak-barrier allografts (RTl' to RTl*', n = 40), and strong-barrier allografts (RTl' to RT1“, n = 40) were transplanted. As the histocompatibility barrier increased between the donor and recipient animals, the graft viability and performance deteriorated according to radiographic, histologic, and immunologic analyses. Administration of cyclosporine led to survival of strong-barrier allografts similar to that of isografts. A long-term study of these allografts (RTl' to RT1“) was then performed on various immunosuppressive regimens. After an initial 10- week course of cyclosporine to achieve bony union and remodeling, subsequent cessation (n = 20) or intermittent “pulsing” (n = 20) of the immunosuppressant was insufficient in maintaining graft survival. However, graft viability and function were preserved through 1 year on continuous daily cyclosporine (n = 32). There was no evidence of host renal or hepatic toxicity by serum chemistry or histologic sections. Thus long-term survival of functional skeletal allografts was achieved in this orthotopic model without significant host toxicity from immunosuppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-349
Number of pages14
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Volume95
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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