Lysosomal storage diseases are a group of over 70 inherited genetic diseases caused by a defect or deficiency in a lysosomal protein. Enzyme replacement therapy, in which a functional copy of the defective enzyme is injected either systemically or directly into the brain of affected individuals, has proven to be an effective strategy for treating certain lysosomal storage diseases; however, the inefficient uptake of recombinant enzymes into cells and tissues via the low-affinity mannose-6-phosphate receptor prohibits broader utility of replacement therapy. Here, to improve the efficiency and efficacy of lysosomal enzyme uptake, we exploited the strategy used by diphtheria toxin to enter into the endo-lysosomal network of cells by creating a chimera between the receptor-binding fragment of diphtheria toxin and the lysosomal hydrolase TPP1. We show that the targeted TPP1 chimera binds with high affinity to target cells and is delivered into lysosomes with much greater efficiency than TPP1 alone. Further, we demonstrate efficient and durable uptake of the chimera in vivo following intracerebroventricular injection in mice lacking TPP1. Targeting the highly efficient diphtheria toxin internalization pathway represents a novel approach for improving the efficacy and utility of enzyme replacement therapy for treating lysosomal storage diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)