Expression and characterization of full-length and partial human androgen receptor fusion proteins. Implications for the production and applications of soluble steroid receptors in Escherichia coli

Claus Roehrborn, Sonia Zoppi, Judith A. Gruber, Carol M. Wilson, Michael J. McPhaul

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Abstract

We have expressed fusion proteins encoding defined segments of the coding segment of the human androgen receptor (hAR) in Escherichia coli using the pGEX-2T expression vector. Large quantities of fusion proteins containing glutathione-S-transferase (GST) linked to the amino or carboxy terminal region of the receptor and a fusion protein containing the complete amino acid sequence of the androgen receptor were produced in soluble form. The GST hAR fusion proteins containing the hormone-binding domain of the androgen receptor exhibit high affinity specific binding for a variety of natural and synthetic androgens. Analysis of the binding properties of the complete and truncated androgen receptor fusion proteins revealed that the amino terminus affects the Kd of the fusion proteins for mibolerone (0.89 vs. 3.43 nM for the truncated and complete fusion proteins, respectively). Despite these differences, both the truncated and complete hAR fusion proteins exhibit a higher affinity for dihydrotestosterone than for testosterone, implying that the preferential affinity for dihydrotestosterone observed in androgen receptor prepared from native sources is a measure of the inherent structure of the hormone-binding domain. Furthermore, the ligand-receptor complex is stable, as the ligand is not easily displaced with unlabelled competitor and is stable to mild heat denaturation. Fusion proteins containing the DNA-binding domain demonstrate specific DNA binding, as evidenced by studies using segments of the mouse mammary tumor virus long terminal repeat (MMTV-LTR) and synthetic glucocorticoid response elements. These studies establish that GST hAR fusion proteins exhibit physical properties similar to those of native androgen receptor. Affinity purification using a glutathione affinity resin and cleavage of the fusion proteins at a thrombin cleavage site permits a marked enrichment using a two-step purification. The use of such methods will facilitate the study of the normal and mutant receptor proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume84
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Steroid Receptors
Escherichia coli
Fusion reactions
Androgen Receptors
Proteins
Glutathione Transferase
Dihydrotestosterone
Testosterone Congeners
Purification
human AR protein
Hormones
Ligands
Mouse mammary tumor virus
Terminal Repeat Sequences
DNA-Binding Proteins
Response Elements
Mutant Proteins
Denaturation
Thrombin
DNA

Keywords

  • Characterization
  • Expression
  • Human androgen receptor fusion protein
  • soluble
  • Steroid receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

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title = "Expression and characterization of full-length and partial human androgen receptor fusion proteins. Implications for the production and applications of soluble steroid receptors in Escherichia coli",
abstract = "We have expressed fusion proteins encoding defined segments of the coding segment of the human androgen receptor (hAR) in Escherichia coli using the pGEX-2T expression vector. Large quantities of fusion proteins containing glutathione-S-transferase (GST) linked to the amino or carboxy terminal region of the receptor and a fusion protein containing the complete amino acid sequence of the androgen receptor were produced in soluble form. The GST hAR fusion proteins containing the hormone-binding domain of the androgen receptor exhibit high affinity specific binding for a variety of natural and synthetic androgens. Analysis of the binding properties of the complete and truncated androgen receptor fusion proteins revealed that the amino terminus affects the Kd of the fusion proteins for mibolerone (0.89 vs. 3.43 nM for the truncated and complete fusion proteins, respectively). Despite these differences, both the truncated and complete hAR fusion proteins exhibit a higher affinity for dihydrotestosterone than for testosterone, implying that the preferential affinity for dihydrotestosterone observed in androgen receptor prepared from native sources is a measure of the inherent structure of the hormone-binding domain. Furthermore, the ligand-receptor complex is stable, as the ligand is not easily displaced with unlabelled competitor and is stable to mild heat denaturation. Fusion proteins containing the DNA-binding domain demonstrate specific DNA binding, as evidenced by studies using segments of the mouse mammary tumor virus long terminal repeat (MMTV-LTR) and synthetic glucocorticoid response elements. These studies establish that GST hAR fusion proteins exhibit physical properties similar to those of native androgen receptor. Affinity purification using a glutathione affinity resin and cleavage of the fusion proteins at a thrombin cleavage site permits a marked enrichment using a two-step purification. The use of such methods will facilitate the study of the normal and mutant receptor proteins.",
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T1 - Expression and characterization of full-length and partial human androgen receptor fusion proteins. Implications for the production and applications of soluble steroid receptors in Escherichia coli

AU - Roehrborn, Claus

AU - Zoppi, Sonia

AU - Gruber, Judith A.

AU - Wilson, Carol M.

AU - McPhaul, Michael J.

PY - 1992

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N2 - We have expressed fusion proteins encoding defined segments of the coding segment of the human androgen receptor (hAR) in Escherichia coli using the pGEX-2T expression vector. Large quantities of fusion proteins containing glutathione-S-transferase (GST) linked to the amino or carboxy terminal region of the receptor and a fusion protein containing the complete amino acid sequence of the androgen receptor were produced in soluble form. The GST hAR fusion proteins containing the hormone-binding domain of the androgen receptor exhibit high affinity specific binding for a variety of natural and synthetic androgens. Analysis of the binding properties of the complete and truncated androgen receptor fusion proteins revealed that the amino terminus affects the Kd of the fusion proteins for mibolerone (0.89 vs. 3.43 nM for the truncated and complete fusion proteins, respectively). Despite these differences, both the truncated and complete hAR fusion proteins exhibit a higher affinity for dihydrotestosterone than for testosterone, implying that the preferential affinity for dihydrotestosterone observed in androgen receptor prepared from native sources is a measure of the inherent structure of the hormone-binding domain. Furthermore, the ligand-receptor complex is stable, as the ligand is not easily displaced with unlabelled competitor and is stable to mild heat denaturation. Fusion proteins containing the DNA-binding domain demonstrate specific DNA binding, as evidenced by studies using segments of the mouse mammary tumor virus long terminal repeat (MMTV-LTR) and synthetic glucocorticoid response elements. These studies establish that GST hAR fusion proteins exhibit physical properties similar to those of native androgen receptor. Affinity purification using a glutathione affinity resin and cleavage of the fusion proteins at a thrombin cleavage site permits a marked enrichment using a two-step purification. The use of such methods will facilitate the study of the normal and mutant receptor proteins.

AB - We have expressed fusion proteins encoding defined segments of the coding segment of the human androgen receptor (hAR) in Escherichia coli using the pGEX-2T expression vector. Large quantities of fusion proteins containing glutathione-S-transferase (GST) linked to the amino or carboxy terminal region of the receptor and a fusion protein containing the complete amino acid sequence of the androgen receptor were produced in soluble form. The GST hAR fusion proteins containing the hormone-binding domain of the androgen receptor exhibit high affinity specific binding for a variety of natural and synthetic androgens. Analysis of the binding properties of the complete and truncated androgen receptor fusion proteins revealed that the amino terminus affects the Kd of the fusion proteins for mibolerone (0.89 vs. 3.43 nM for the truncated and complete fusion proteins, respectively). Despite these differences, both the truncated and complete hAR fusion proteins exhibit a higher affinity for dihydrotestosterone than for testosterone, implying that the preferential affinity for dihydrotestosterone observed in androgen receptor prepared from native sources is a measure of the inherent structure of the hormone-binding domain. Furthermore, the ligand-receptor complex is stable, as the ligand is not easily displaced with unlabelled competitor and is stable to mild heat denaturation. Fusion proteins containing the DNA-binding domain demonstrate specific DNA binding, as evidenced by studies using segments of the mouse mammary tumor virus long terminal repeat (MMTV-LTR) and synthetic glucocorticoid response elements. These studies establish that GST hAR fusion proteins exhibit physical properties similar to those of native androgen receptor. Affinity purification using a glutathione affinity resin and cleavage of the fusion proteins at a thrombin cleavage site permits a marked enrichment using a two-step purification. The use of such methods will facilitate the study of the normal and mutant receptor proteins.

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