The present studies were designed to further deter mine whether the CD25 marker could distinguish between cells productively and latently infected with HIV. This was accomplished by combining immunotoxin (IT)-mediated killing of CD25+ cells, highly sensitive indirect immunofluorescence to detect remaining CD25+ cells, and PCR-mediated amplification of proviral DNA in immunotoxin treated vs untreated HIV-infected cells. Our results demonstrate that: 1) By direct immunofluorescence 3 to 8% of PBMCs are CD25+, whereas by indirect immunofluorescence 30% are CD25+. The increased number of CD25+ cells is due to their detection by the highly sensitive indirect immunofluorescence assay. Up to 60% of the CD25+ cells are CD4+ and 12% are CD8+. 2) Treatment of HIV-infected PBMCs with an anti CD25 IT for 6 days eliminated both CD25(high) and CD25(low) cells and decreased the production of p24 by 99%. 3) Differences in the HIV proviral genome were detected in the unfractionated PBMCs vs PBMCs from which CD25+ cells had been eliminated by IT treatment. Hence, PBMCs containing both CD25+ and CD25- cells express all intermediate proviral species and full-length double-stranded proviral DNA. In contrast, CD25- quiescent cells contain predominantly intermediate species. These results confirm and extend our previous observations that expression of CD25 can distinguish latently infected cells from cells producing virus.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy