The kidney isozyme of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11-HSD2) protects the mineralocorticoid receptor from spurious activation by glucocorticoids. To explore structure-function relationships, human 11-HSD2 cDNA was subcloned into the bacterial expression vector, pET25b. E. coli transformed with wild-type cDNA produced active enzyme that retained biochemical characteristics of the native protein. The addition of 6 histidine residues to the C-terminus of the wild-type enzyme (11-HSD2/His) increased activity 2-fold. Whereas wild-type activity was almost completely sedimented following 100,000 g centrifugation, 10-30% of total activity of 11-HSD2/His remained in the supernatant. The 11-HSD2 isozyme normally contains three N-terminal hydrophobic domains. Mutant 11-HSD2/His possessing a single hydrophobic domain retained partial activity, but elimination of all domains inactivated the enzyme. Thus, the N-terminal hydrophobic domains are essential for complete activity of 11-HSD2 but association with an intact cell membrane is not.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Feb 24 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology