Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial cell specific mitogen that induces angiogenesis in several pathological conditions. To block angiogenesis, soluble VEGF receptor can be used. In this study, we describe a method for high yield expression of soluble VEGF receptor 2 (sFlk-1) in a baculovirus expression system (30 mg purified sFlk-1 per L of insect cell supernatant). We also determined the binding constants for both human and mouse VEGF to the recombinant receptor by surface plasmon resonance. In this cell-free assay, under the given experimental conditions, the on-rate k(a) was 0.5-2.2 x 106 M-1 s-1 and the off-rate k(d) was 2-4 x 10-4 s-1 (K(D) = 2-6 x 10-10 M). To our knowledge this is the first study to report on- and off-rates for the VEGF:sFlk-1 interaction. Heparin was not required for the binding of VEGF to sFlk-1 in this assay. The obtained values will serve as baseline parameters for the design of improved versions of recombinant soluble VEGF receptor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Nov 27 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology